Method Section Research PaperHow to Write the Methods Section of a Research Paper
How to Write the Methods Section of a Research Paper Richard H Kallet MSc RRT FAARC Introduction Basic Research Concepts Content and Writing Style of the Methods Section
Method Section Research Paper
When working with human oranimal subjects, there must be a declaration that the medical centersinstitutional review board governing research on living matter has determinedthat the study protocol adheres to ethical principles. Do not provide any background information that doesnt directly help the reader to understand why a particular method was chosen, how the data was gathered or obtained, and how it was analyzed. In studies involving animalmodels or mechanical models, a detailed description must be provided regardingthe preparations made prior to beginning the experimental protocol.
Its description should follow the exact sequence of how theprocedures were executed. The empirical-analytical group employs deductive reasoning that uses existing theory as a foundation for formulating hypotheses that need to be tested. Typically, this first involves a description of baseline conditions andany associated baseline measurements, followedby the sequence of manipulations of the independent variable and the subsequentmeasurement of changes in the dependent variable.
In addition, it is important whendescribing patients to provide some evaluation of their health status thatis relevant to the study. The description of how you prepared to study the research problem, how you gathered the data, and the protocol for analyzing the data should be organized chronologically. The variable that changes in response to that manipulationis referred to as a dependent variable.
The methodology section of your paper should be thorough but to the point. Do not ignore these problems or pretend they did not occur. A well designed quantitative research study can often be accomplished in very clear and direct ways, whereas, a similar study of a qualitative nature usually requires considerable time to analyze large volumes of data and a tremendous burden to create new paths for analysis where previously no path associated with your research problem had existed.
Your methods for gathering data should have a clear connection to your research problem. Alisting of all calculations used in the study typically follows the descriptionof measurements. The internal validity of a study is judged bythe degree to which its outcomes can be attributed to manipulation of independentvariables and not to the effects of confounding variables.
Dont avoid using a quantitative approach to analyzing your research problem just because you fear the idea of applying statistical designs and tests. In the social and behavioral sciences, it is important to always provide sufficient information to allow other researchers to adopt or replicate your methodology. A qualitative approach, such as conducting interviews or content analysis of archival texts, can yield exciting new insights about a research problem, but it should not be undertaken simply because you have a disdain for running a simple regression. It must be written with enough information so that (1) the experiment couldbe repeated by others to evaluate whether the results are reproducible, the scientific method attemptsto discover cause-and effect relationships between objects (ie, physicalmatter or processes). Within each section andsubsection, material should always be organized by topic from most to leastimportant.
How to Write a Research Paper (with Sample Research Papers)
How to Write a Research Paper. When studying at higher levels of school and throughout college, you will likely be asked to prepare research papers. A research paper can be used for exploring and identifying scientific, technical and...
Method Section Research PaperOrganizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: 6. The ...
Kallet, Richard H. "How to Write the Methods Section of a Research Paper." Respiratory Care 49 (October 2004): 1229-1232.
Method Section Research Paper Therefore, qualitative research requires a more detailed description of the methods used. The purpose of this guide is to provide advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social sciences. However, while theories and methods are often related, it is important that, as a researcher, you deliberately separate them in order to avoid your theories playing a disproportionate role in shaping what outcomes your chosen methods produce, University of wisconsin, madison rudestam. The description of how you prepared to study the research problem, how you gathered the data, and the protocol for analyzing the data should be organized chronologically. Also be sure to explain how older data is still relevant to investigating the current research problem. Because you are the primary instrument for generating the data, Without such approval. In the physical sciences objects are regarded asvariables, and a variable is anything that can assume different values, Providing a clear and precisedescription of how an experiment was done. A description of a research studys method should not be confused with a description of the sources of information. Your methods for gathering data should have a clear connection to your research problem.
The Method Section of a Paper - Flickerwick
However, while theories and methods are often related, it is important that, as a researcher, you deliberately separate them in order to avoid your theories playing a disproportionate role in shaping what outcomes your chosen methods produce. This type of research focuses on objective knowledge, research questions that can be answered yes or no, and operational definitions of variables to be measured. Decisions made in selecting the data you have analyzed or, in the case of qualitative research, the subjects and research setting you have examined, tools and methods used to identify and collect information, and how you identified relevant variables, the ways in which you processed the data and the procedures you used to analyze that data, and the specific research tools or strategies that you utilized to study the underlying hypothesis and research questions. Internal validity refers to thecredibility of a study and is determined by the degree to which conclusionsdrawn from an experiment correctly describe what actually transpired duringthe study. In the physical sciences objects are regarded asvariables, and a variable is anything that can assume different values.
One of the most common deficiencies found in research papers is that the proposed methodology is not suitable to achieving the stated objective of your paper. For example, if the study proclaims to examinewhether latanoprost reduces post-phacoemulsification intraocular pressure,then one would not anticipate that patients with combined trabeculectomyand phacoemulsifcation to be included. A description of a research studys method should not be confused with a description of the sources of information. The discussion also includes a thorough review of the literature about methods other scholars have used to study the topic. In general, the description of preparations,measurements, and the protocol should be organized chronologically.
For example, if you are using a multiple choice questionnaire, readers need to know that it offered your respondents a reasonable range of answers to choose from. Buckingham, uk open university press, 2014 lunenburg, frederick c. The complexity of scientificinquiry necessitates that the writing of the methods be clear and orderlyto avoid confusion and ambiguity. In addition, it is important whendescribing patients to provide some evaluation of their health status thatis relevant to the study. Explaining how measurementswere made and what calculations were performed , the writingshould be direct and precise and in the past tense. Interpretive methods allow you to recognize your connection to the phenomena under investigation. The methodology section of your paper should clearly articulate the reasons why you chose a particular procedure or technique. The focus should be on how you an exception to this rule is if you select an unconventional methodological approach if this is the case, be sure to explain why this approach was chosen and how it enhances the overall process of discovery. Do not ignore these problems or pretend they did not occur. The methodology section of a research paper answers two main questions how was the data collected or generated? And, how was it analyzed? The writing should be direct and precise and always written in the past tense.How to write a medical paper. Writing the Method Section of a Medical Study by Richard Kallet with minor modification