English Essay PlannerOrwell: Politics and the English Language - Resort
Politics and the English Language 1946 Most people who bother with the matter at all would admit that the English language is in a bad way, but it is generally ...
English Essay Planner
If you useready-made phrases, you not only dont have to hunt about for the words you alsodont have to bother with the rhythms of your sentences since these phrases aregenerally so arranged as to be more or less euphonious. Above all, we cannot play ducks and drakes with a native battery of idiomswhich prescribes egregious collocations of vocables as the basic on the one side we have the free personality by definition it is notneurotic, for it has neither conflict nor dream. Theauthor tells me that he felt impelled to write it.
Stuart chase and others have come near to claiming that all abstractwords are meaningless, and have used this as a pretext for advocating a kind ofpolitical quietism. When one watches some tired hack on the platform mechanically repeatingthe familiar phrases -- bestial, atrocities, iron heel, bloodstained tyranny,free peoples of the world, stand shoulder to shoulder -- one often has acurious feeling that one is not watching a live human being but some kind ofdummy a feeling which suddenly becomes stronger at moments when the lightcatches the speakers spectacles and turns them into blank discs which seem tohave no eyes behind them. In certain kinds of writing, particularly in artcriticism and literary criticism, it is normal to come across long passages whichare almost completely lacking in meaning.
Thuspolitical language has to consist largely of euphemism. People who write in thismanner usually have a general emotional meaning -- they dislike one thing andwant to express solidarity with another -- but they are not interested in thedetail of what they are saying. English, but one could not writethe kind of stuff that i quoted in those five specimens at the beginning of thisarticle.
Empower students to think critically and take ownership of their work. Such phraseology isneeded if one wants to name things without calling up mental pictures of them. If words like , he would see at once thatlanguage was being used in an improper way.
In our agethere is no such thing as keeping out of politics. Bad writers, and especially scientific, political, andsociological writers, are nearly always haunted by the notion that latin or greekwords are grander than saxon ones, and unnecessary words like expedite,ameliorate, predict, extraneous, deracinated, clandestine, subaqueous , andhundreds of others constantly gain ground from their anglo-saxon numbers. Thisinvasion of ones mind by ready-made phrases ( ) can only be prevented if one is constantly on guardagainst them, and every such phrase anaesthetizes a portion of ones brain.
Thejargon peculiar to marxist writing ( hyena, hangman, cannibal, petty bourgeois,these gentry, lackey, flunkey, mad dog, white guard , etc. Tune it to turnitins new podcast about words, writing, and why they matter. A speaker who usesthat kind of phraseology has gone some distance toward turning himself into amachine. Modern english, especially written english, is full of bad habitswhich spread by imitation and which can be avoided if one is willing to take thenecessary trouble. Nor does iteven imply in every case preferring the saxon word to the latin one, though itdoes imply using the fewest and shortest words that will cover ones meaning.
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English Essay Planner Look again at the examples i gave at the beginning of this essay. Otherwords used in variable meanings, in most cases more or less dishonestly, are now that i have made this catalogue of swindles and perversions, let me giveanother example of the kind of writing that they lead to. Bad writers, and especially scientific, political, andsociological writers, are nearly always haunted by the notion that latin or greekwords are grander than saxon ones, and unnecessary words like expedite,ameliorate, predict, extraneous, deracinated, clandestine, subaqueous , andhundreds of others constantly gain ground from their anglo-saxon numbers, Those whodeny this would argue.
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A virile newbritain cannot continue indefinitely to be traduced in the eyes or rather ears,of the world by the effete languors of langham place, brazenly masquerading asstandard english. Bad writers, and especially scientific, political, andsociological writers, are nearly always haunted by the notion that latin or greekwords are grander than saxon ones, and unnecessary words like expedite,ameliorate, predict, extraneous, deracinated, clandestine, subaqueous , andhundreds of others constantly gain ground from their anglo-saxon numbers. English, but one could not writethe kind of stuff that i quoted in those five specimens at the beginning of thisarticle. If one gets rid of these habits one can think more clearly,and to think clearly is a necessary first step toward political regeneration sothat the fight against bad english is not frivolous and is not the exclusiveconcern of professional writers. In our time, political speech and writing are largely the defense of theindefensible.
If words like , he would see at once thatlanguage was being used in an improper way. Laski (1) uses five negatives in fifty three words. If you simplify your english, you are freed from the worstfollies of orthodoxy. This mixture ofvagueness and sheer incompetence is the most marked characteristic of modernenglish prose, and especially of any kind of political writing. It follows that any struggle against the abuse of language is asentimental archaism, like preferring candles to electric light or hansom cabs toaeroplanes.
When there is a gapbetween ones real and ones declared aims, one turns as it were instinctively tolong words and exhausted idioms, like a cuttlefish spurting out ink. Our civilization is decadent andour language -- so the argument runs -- must inevitably share in the generalcollapse. Look back through this essay, and for certain you will find that ihave again and again committed the very faults i am protesting against. Still, if you or i were told to write afew lines on the uncertainty of human fortunes, we should probably come muchnearer to my imaginary sentence than to the one from. English language is in a bad way, but it is generally assumed that wecannot by conscious action do anything about it. Defenseless villages are bombarded from the air, theinhabitants driven out into the countryside, the cattle machine-gunned, the hutsset on fire with incendiary bullets this is called. Objective considerations of contemporary phenomena compel the conclusion thatsuccess or failure in competitive activities exhibits no tendency to becommensurate with innate capacity, but that a considerable element of theunpredictable must invariably be taken into account. I have tried to show, modern writing at its worst does not consist in pickingout words for the sake of their meaning and inventing images in order to make themeaning clearer. Xs work is its livingquality, while another writes, the immediately striking thing about mr. Exhibit (3) above, for instance,contains several patches of the same kind of english.The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.